Repeater Visit February 16,
The purpose of this trip was to check batteries and download charge
controller data. Dale (K7FW) and Mary Jo (KB7NJE) made the trip. The
batteries did not need much water at all. This is likely because very
little charging has been done since the last visit on November 17. The
battery voltage was 12.97 and specific gravity was 1.275. I took a
gallon of distilled water to the site so we now have one and a half gallons
of distilled water at the site.
I downloaded the data from the solar charge controller. (See this
for raw data files.) The charge controller was installed July 29, 2012
so we now have six months of data (August 2012 through January 2013).
Here is a plot showing the watt hours charge and battery voltage:
And here is a plot showing time in float charge and time in absorption
Both of the plots will link to somewhat larger images. The controller
charges batteries in three stages: bulk, absorption, and float
illustrated in this drawing taken from the charge controller manual:
Ideally we would see some time in the float stage every day. That
indicates that the batteries are fully charged and we have excess solar
power available. The days with no time in the absorption stage
may still have had power delivered as can be seen in the top graph
indicating that some number of watt hours were placed in the battery.
The long stretch with no time in the absorption stage indicates that we
are not fully charging the batteries during this time. Some details of
the bulk, absorption, and float stages:
Bulk Charge Stage: In Bulk
charging stage, the battery is not at 100% state of charge and battery
voltage has not yet charged to the Absorption voltage setpoint. The
controller will deliver 100% of available solar power to recharge the
Absorption Stage: When the
battery has recharged to the Absorption voltage setpoint,
constant-voltage regulation is used to maintain battery voltage at the
Absorption setpoint. This prevents heating and excessive battery
gassing. The battery is allowed to come to full state of charge at the
Absorption voltage setpoint.
Float Stage: After the battery
is fully charged in the Absorption stage, the TriStar MPPT reduces the
battery voltage to the Float voltage setpoint. When the battery is
fully recharged, there can be no more
chemical reactions and all the charging current is turned into heat and
gassing. The fl oat stage provides a very low rate of maintenance
charging while reducing the heating and gassing of a fully charged
battery. The purpose of float is to protect the battery from long-term
December seems to represent a poor month for solar power. Here is a
graph showing watt hours into the batteries and minimum battery voltage
for December, 2012. The graph links to a larger image. The
voltage seen was 12.15 volts on December 10th.
The standby current I measured on May 4th 2011 was 350 millamps. If we
figure 13.5 volts (float stage) we need 113 watt hours a day to break
even. This of course assumes 100% efficiency. I have read that the
solar industry typically figures 85% efficiency. Given our older
batteries we are likely not that good.
This last chart shows the battery maximum voltage (top) and minimum voltage
(bottom). Note that the scales are not
same for maximum and minimum.
The radio site was in the clouds when we visited. No view of the ocean on
Mary Jo with our boxer Oscar.
Dale with our boxer Oscar.
Once we got a bit lower we could see the coast through the mist.
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